Excavation is the process of moving earth, rock or other materials with tools and equipment. It includes earthworks, site clearances and footings.

Excavation is used in construction to create building foundations, trenching, digging, and site development. Each of these processes requires unique techniques, tools and machinery to get the job done right. 

Before the excavation process can begin, the site must be carefully examined to make sure that the natural habitat and artifacts surrounding it are persevered throughout excavation. Next, the plans for the size and depth of the site are made and the excavation company makes drawings from them to clearly mark the excavation site’s boundaries. Once these two important steps have been taken, the excavation work can begin.